History in a Timeline

 

Historical Outline of the Institute of Educational Science

The Federal State of NRW assumed a pioneering role with its decision to initiate the academization of vocational teacher education in the Federal Republic of Germany. The contention about the cornerstones, originating in 1957, came to a preliminary end in 1960. Training for vocational-technical professions was handed over to RWTH Aachen and training for business vocations was given to the University of Cologne, thus closing the Vocational Education Institutes in 1961. Each university was flanked with a Chair of Vocational Education and Social Pedagogy and Economic Education and Social Pedagogy respectively as institutes in the faculties of both universities. This ensured that in place of a purely vocational education, only educational training based on science and research that was equal to the technical education was possible, in which it was also possible to acquire academic degrees in educational science (Magister, doctoral studies, Habilitation, and nowadays Bachelor and Master).

In 1961, Johannes Zielinski was called to assume the first Chair of Pedagogy at RWTH Aachen; he was first vocational teacher to ever hold a Chair of Pedagogy in the Federal Republic of Germany. Upon his initiative, the chair was renamed Institute of Educational Science, since the institute was charged with the educational training for teachers at Realschulen and for higher teacher training (with the Philosophicum) and because it could expand its breadth in research and teaching through its connection to Educational Science.

During the 1975/1976 academic year, the institute reached its peak with over 6000 teacher training students and five professorships. In the following years, educational policy decisions at the state level such as cost-cutting measures and the regionalization and concentration of courses of study and structural decisions at the university level including emphasis on and expansion of RWTH's focus on natural science and technology, resulted in positions being cut, so that between 1994 and 2004 only two professorships existed. The Institute currently has three professorships.

Two research lines consistently shape the institute's profile even today. The vocational education focus includes work in the field of continuing and further education (Prof. Zielinski, Prof. Bunk, Prof. Stratenwerth, Prof. Michelsen), History and Theory of Vocational Education (Prof. Müllges, Prof. Bunk), and Learning and Moral Development (Prof. Minnameier). Efforts in empirical education research have resulted in work in the fields programmed instruction and pedagogical technology (Prof. Zielinski, Prof. Schöler), teaching and learning research (Prof. Klauer, Prof.in Lewalter), training research and pedagogical diagnostics (Prof. Klauer). The profile was and continues to be supplemented occassionally with focuses in socialization research (Prof.in Trommsdorf, Prof. Kürthy), in didactics (Prof. Birkenbeil, Prof. Bischofs), in media research (Prof. Gies), and pedagogical athropology (Prof. Zielinski, Prof. Hargasser). With fields of practical education and training, the institute was and is connected by honorary professorships, development tasks, and evaluation and accompaniment processes. A showcase on the first floor still contains an exhibit reminding us of the development of teaching machines and materials.

The following professors all originated in the institute: Müllges (Aachen), Merkens (Berlin), Seiler (Trier), Tulodziecki (Paderborn), Breuer (Mainz), Leutner (Essen), Bunk (Gießen), and Schöler (Klagenfurt).

Starting in 1961, the institute was located in a warehouse on Sandkaulbauch rented by the university; in 1969 it moved to a former girls' school at Elfschornsteinstraße 16 (today the Institute of Philosophy); in 1977 it moved to the newly constructed institute building in the Kármán Forum at Eilfschornsteinstraße 7, where it is still located today.


Literature
• Friede, Christian K.: In memoriam Johannes Zielinski. In: Zeitschrift für Berufs- und Wirtschaftspädagogik, 89 (1993) 5, S. 536-538
• Michelsen, Uwe A.: 40 Jahre Lehramtsausbildung an der RWTH Aachen. In: Der berufliche Bildungsweg, (2001) 12, S. 22-26
• Ommerborn, Rainer: 18 Jahre erziehungswissenschaftliche Arbeit am Lehrstuhl Pädagogik I. Unveröffentlichtes Manuskript. Aachen 1979
• Pätzold, Günter: Akademisierung auf Raten. In: Zeitschrift für Berufs- und Wirtschaftspädagogik, 107 (2011) 2, S. 282-293
• Ruhland, Hans-Josef: Die Entscheidung über die vollakademische Ausbildung der Berufschullehrer 1960. Levenig, Heinrich; Schöler Walter (Hrsg.): Kommunikation und Begegnung. Heidelberg: Sauer 1989, S. 341-353
• Ruhland, Hans-Josef: Eine bildungspolitische Programmatik setzt sich durch: Erinnerung an den Beginn der „Gewerbelehrerausbildung“ an der RWTH Aachen. Unveröffentlichtes Vortragsmanuskript vom 18.03.2011 anlässlich der Frühjahrstagung der Sektion Berufs- und Wirtschaftspädagogik in Aachen

History of the teaching profession

author: Dr. Christian Friede Download